orphana Hendel, 1920. Arch. Naturgesch. 84A(7)
Phytagromyza orphana Hendel, 1920; Hendel, 1932. Fliegen
palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 287
Phytagromyza orphana Hendel, 1920; von Tschirnhaus, 1969.
Faun.-Ok. Mitt. Kiel. 3: 283
Paraphytomyza orphana (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 64
Paraphytomyza orphana (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1976. Fauna
ent. Scand. 5(1): 318-20, figs 574-5.
Paraphytomyza orphana (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 235, 236,
237 (fig. 888).
Aulagromyza orphana (Hendel, 1920)
/ Stem-mine: The
mine begins in a leaf, that soon withers (sign to look for, when
trying to find this miner). The larva continues living as a miner
in the skin of the stem (Bladmineerders van Europa). Pupation external (Spencer,
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is described by de Meijere (1941)
and Dempewolf (2001: 167, as ? Aulagromyza
spiracles widely-separated, each with an ellipse of numerous small
bulbs (Spencer, 1976: 320).
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: July.
of year - adults: May-June.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Widespread in Britain including
Surrey (Godalming), Middlesex (Scrath Wood), Dorset (Portland),
Suffolk (Barrton Mills), Derby (Miller's Dale), Banff (Falls of
Tarnash) (Spencer, 1972b:
64), Warwickshire (Robbins, 1991:
105), Buckinghamshire (VC24), Cambridge, Middlesex (VC21), North Hampshire and
Worcestershire (VC37) (NBN
recorded in the Republic of Ireland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in western and central Europe including
Denmark (Spencer, 1976: 320),
The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Belgium (Scheirs,
de Bruyn and von Tschirnhaus, 1999), Germany (Spencer,
1976: 562), Austria, Czech Republic, European Turkey, French
mainland, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Spanish mainland (Martinez
in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: Currently unknown.