/ Stem mine: The mine starts in the leaf but the larva moves
to the stem (Spencer, 1976:
mine starts in a leaf, that soon wilts (to find the mine, look for
this detail). Next the larva continues as a miner of the skin of
the stem (Bladmineerders van Europa).
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is described by de Meijere (1941).
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Posterior spiracles each with about 20 bulbs (Spencer,
Galium mollugo is treated
as Galium album (Hedge
Bedstraw) by Stace (2010).
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland: Currently unknown.
of year - larvae: June-July (Bladmineerders van Europa).
of year- adults: Currently unknown.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Added to British Checklist by
Deeming (1999). Carmarthenshire
and Glamorgan (NBN
NBN Grid Map:
elsewhere: Widespread in continental Europe including Finland,
Germany, The Netherlands (Spencer,
1976: 316), Balearic Is., French mainland and Lithuania (Martinez
in Fauna Europaea).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: