heringii Hendel, 1920. Arch. Naturgesch. 84A(7)
(1918): 149, as Heringii
Napomyza heringii Hendel, 1920; Hering, 1932. Fliegen
palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 285.
Paraphytomyza heringiii (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk
ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 65
Paraphytomyza heringii (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1976. Fauna
ent. Scand. 5(1): 315-6, figs 566-9.
Paraphytomyza heringii (Hendel, 1920); Spencer, 1990. Host
specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 214, 219
(figs 818-20), 220.
Aulagromyza heringii (Hendel, 1920)
short linear-blotch mine, beginning with a small yellowish-brown
pustule. Pupation external (Spencer,
1976: 315, 317 (fig. 569)).
later blackish, tortuous or irregularly star-shaped, upper-surface
corridor, rather strongly widening in the end, and usually forming
a secondary blotch. Frass in the first part of the mine in two ill-defined
rows. Primary and secondary feeding lines present, but short and
criss-cross. Pupation within the mine; the anterior spiracles penetrate
the upper epidermis (Bladmineerders van Europa).
The mine is an upper surface linear mine, becoming a blotch, with two rows of frass (British
Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.
The larva is described by de Meijere (1938),
Allen (1958), Dempewolf (2001:
167) and illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.
Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).
Yellowish-brown; posterior spiracles each with an ellipse of some
20 bulbs (Spencer, 1976:
315). The puparium is illustrated in Bladmineerders van Europa.
Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:
of year - mines: November.
of year - adults: Apparently only a single generation per year.
in Great Britain & Ireland: Recorded only from Surrey (Reigate),
Middlesex (Scratch Wood) and Hertfordshire (Brookman's Park) (Spencer, 1972b: 65).
See also Ireland's NDBC interactive map.
NBN Grid Map:
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elsewhere: Widespread in western Europe including Denmark, Norway,
Sweden, Poland (Spencer, 1976:
315), The Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Germany (Spencer,
1976: 562; Dempewolf, 2001:
167), Czech Republic, European Turkey, French mainland and Romania
(Martinez in Fauna Europaea).
extending eastwards to the Kirghiz Republic, Kazakstan and Uzbekistan
(Spencer, 1976: 315).
NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:
British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere: