The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insects
 

(Coleoptera, Diptera, Hymenoptera and Lepidoptera)

by Brian Pitkin, Willem Ellis, Colin Plant and Rob Edmunds

Join us on Facebook

Aulagromyza hendeliana (Hering, 1926)
[Diptera: Agromyzidae]

Phytagromyza hendeliana Hering, 1926b. Dt. ent. Z. 1925(5): 380
Phytagromyza hendeliana Hering, 1926b ; Hendel, 1932. Fliegen palaearkt. Reg. 6(2): 284
Paraphytomyza hendeliana (Hering, 1926b); Spencer, 1972b. Handbk ident. Br. Ins. 10(5g): 65
Paraphytomyza hendeliana (Hering, 1926b); Spencer, 1976. Fauna ent. Scand. 5(1): 314-5, figs 564-5.
Paraphytomyza hendeliana (Hering, 1926b); Spencer, 1990. Host specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera) : 238, 239 (fig. 899), 240, 242
Aulagromyza hendeliana (Hering, 1926).


Leaf-mine: A long conspicuous white linear mine. Pupation external (Spencer, 1976: 315, 317 (fig. 565)).

An upper-surface corridor that widens only a little, and generally is unbranched. Often a part of the corridor loosely follows the leaf margin. Frass in two neat rows of grains or short thread fragments. Pupation outside the mine. Feeding punctures in the lower surface (always?) (Bladmineerders van Europa).

An upper surface gallery with frass in large, well-spaced grains (British leafminers).

Larva: The larvae of flies are leg-less maggots without a head capsule (see examples). They never have thoracic or abdominal legs. They do not have chewing mouthparts, although they do have a characteristic cephalo-pharyngeal skeleton (see examples), usually visible internally through the body wall.

Posterior spiracles of larva (and puparium) without horn within ellipse of spiracular bulbs (British leafminers). The larvae was described by de Meijere (1949), Dempewolf (2001: 164) and in Bladmineerders van Europa.

Aulagromyza hendeliana puparium
Aulagromyza hendeliana larval. lateral
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Puparium: The puparia of flies are formed within the hardened last larval skin or puparium and as a result sheaths enclosing head appendages, wings and legs are not visible externally (see examples).

Yellowish; posterior spiracles with 20 minute bulbs, without a horn-like process (Spencer, 1976: 315). The puparium is illustrated in British leafminers and Bladmineerders van Europa.

Aulagromyza hendeliana puparium
Aulagromyza hendeliana puparium
Image: © Willem Ellis (Bladmineerders van Europa)

Hosts in Great Britain & Ireland:

Caprifoliaceae        
Lonicera       Mines in BMNH
Lonicera       Robbins, 1991: 106
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Mines in BMNH
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. British leafminers
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Spencer, 1972b: 110
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bland in Whiteley, 1994
Symphoricarpos       Robbins, 1991: 106
Symphoricarpos albus (as rivularis) Snowberry   Mines in BMNH
Symphoricarpos albus (as rivularis) Snowberry   British leafminers
Symphoricarpos albus (as rivularis) Snowberry   Spencer, 1972b: 110

Hosts elsewhere:

Caprifoliaceae        
Lonicera       Spencer, 1976: 315
Lonicera       Spencer, 1990: 239
Lonicera alpigena Alpine Honeysuckle   Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera caerulea Blue-berried Honeysuckle   Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera caprifolium Perfoliate Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera nigra     Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera tatarica Tartarian Honeysuckle   Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera xylosteum Fly Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Bladmineerders van Europa
Lonicera xylosteum Fly Honeysuckle British Wild Flowers by John Somerville et al. Dempewolf, 2001: 164
Symphoricarpos       Spencer, 1976: 315
Symphoricarpos       Spencer, 1990: 239
Symphoricarpos albus Snowberry   Bladmineerders van Europa

Time of year - mines: June-October.

Time of year - adults: Currently unknown.

Distribution in Great Britain & Ireland: Common in southern England (Spencer, 1972b: 65) Records include Warwickshire (Packington) (Robbins, 1991: 106), Hampshire (Fleet) (British leafminers) and Rum (Bland in Whiteley, 1994), Cambridgeshire (VC29), East Sussex (VC14), Edinburgh, Haddington, Huntingdonshire (VC31), Linlithgow, Middlesex (VC21), North Ebudes (VC104), South Wiltshire (VC8), Stafford and Surrey (NBN Gateway).

Also recorded in the Republic of Ireland: Co. Clare, Co. Cork and Co. Galway (Spencer, 1972b: 65). See NDBC interactive map.

NBN Grid Map:

NBN Grid Map

Aulagromyza hendeliana
NBN Grid Map : NBN Terms and Conditions

Maps are only displayed if the NBN server is active. N.B. Only publicly available records, if any, are shown by default

Distribution elsewhere: Widespread in much of Europe, including Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden (Spencer, 1976: 315), Netherlands (Bladmineerders van Europa), Germany (Spencer, 1976: 562; Dempewolf, 2001: 164), French mainland, Lithuania, Poland, Spanish mainland and Switzerland (Martinez in Fauna Europaea).

NBN Interactive Grid Maps of known host species:

Lonicera periclymenum, Lonicera xylosteum, Symphoricarpos albus

British and Irish Parasitoids in Britain and elsewhere:

Chalcidoidea   
Chrysocharis liriomyzae Delucchi, 1954 Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis nephereus (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis pentheus (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis pubicornis (Zetterstedt, 1838) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Chrysocharis viridis (Nees, 1934) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Neochrysocharis formosus (Westwood, 1833) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Neochrysocharis chlorogaster (Erdös, 1966) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Pediobius metallicus (Nees, 1834) Eulophidae: Entedoninae
Cirrospilus vittatus Walker, 1838 Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Diglyphus chabrias (Walker, 1838) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Diglyphus minoeus (Walker, 1838) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Pnigalio soemius (Walker, 1839) Eulophidae: Eulophinae
Miscogaster hortensis Walker, 1833 Pteromalidae: Miscogastrinae
Ichneumonoidea  
Coloneura stylata Förster, 1862 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Exotela lonicerae Griffiths, 1967 Braconidae: Alysiinae
Colastes braconius Haliday, 1833 Braconidae: Exothecinae
Atormus victus (Haliday, 1837) Braconidae: Opiinae
Opius pallipes Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Opiinae
Opius singularis Wesmael, 1835 Braconidae: Opiinae


External links: Search the internet:
Biodiversity Heritage Library
Bladmineerders van Europa
British leafminers
Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea
NBN Gateway
NHM UK Checklist
Find using Google
Find using Google Scholar
Find images using Google


XHTML Validator Last updated 13-Sep-2016 Brian Pitkin Top of page